One of the most efficient ways to catch coyotes is by placing snares around the perimeter of a pasture. In some states using snares is forbidden but you may get a special permit. You can get it from wildlife damage biologists so that you can catch coyotes legally. Also, these biologists will give you useful advice regarding how to use these snares.
Coyote Snaring Methods
It is advisable to cut a length of black no.9 gauge wire so that the snare will have extra support. You should make it long enough to be able to push both ends into ground for a minimum of a few inches.
Using the black wire instead of harder and galvanized wiring is highly recommended because it is far easier and softer to use. Also, the chances of being spotted by coyotes are lower in comparison to using other types of wiring. Hanging the wire outside so that it rusts will make the black wire even less detectable by coyotes.
The next thing to do is to push the ends of the no.9 into ground so that it will make a U shape over the zone where the snare will be eventually positioned. In order to adjust the position of the snare, you might want to bend the wire up or down. Attaching the snare to the wire is done by holding the snare cable with your fingers very close to the swivel between it and the lock. After doing this, you should hold your snare under the wire. Make sure that the snare won't trip easily; to do so, you will have to make sure that the snare's angle at the lock is as level as possible. After you have successfully placed the snare you should trip it using your hand to make sure it is properly working.
After completing these steps the next thing to do is wire the swivel back of the snare to a fence or other similar secure object. If you will use a fence you will have to make sure that wiring of the fence isn't rusted or weakened.
Coyote Snaring Tips
Let's start with the location. To find a place where you will place the coyote snare you should be looking for coyote tracks or hair on the fence, or look under the fence for a trail or hole. If you find one of the mentioned, it is almost certain that coyotes are in the nearby area. Don't confuse the signs with the ones made by opossums or raccoons so double-check first just to make sure.
If you place a snare in a small opening less than 8 inches (approximately 20 centimeters), it will greatly increase the chances of catching some non-target animals. If you find yourself in this situation the right thing to do is to place the snare far from the fence (about 10 to maximum 14 inches, approximately 25 to 35 centimeters) with the lower side of the snare off the level of the ground. If you will do so, you will catch coyotes not only when they will approach the fence but also if the coyote will try to crawl under it, so efficiency is almost guaranteed.
In some cases, at low places, a coyote might be able to crawl under a fence without stopping at all, if so, you should set the lower part of the snare about 12 inches (approximately 30 centimeters) off the level of the ground. After you have found a location to place the snare, you shouldn't encounter any problems installing it.
Installing A Coyote Snare Into A Bush
If you can't find any suitable place to install a snare you can set one into a bush by using the carcass of a horse or deer as bait. The carcass should be placed into the bush and also you will have to make some trails by walking around. It is advisable to not make the trails larger than the snare. If you plan to install several coyote snares, they should be placed at several yards from the carcass.
The bottom of the snares should be suspended about 12 inches (approximately 30 centimeters) above ground level to target the coyotes and let the non-target animals to pass freely. The snares should be wired to a tree of small dimensions; if you can't find one then you will have to attach it to a wooden fence post or a log. If you want to secure the snares you might want to use reinforcing rod stakes like the ones used for securing traps.
Buying snares won't give you any headaches because they come at a reasonable price and are very easy to use. Quality snares are made of 3/32 galvanized or stainless steel aircraft cable. A little piece of advice: all snares should be odorless and as clean as possible. You should let them outside for a couple of days before you use them. If the snares are exposed to substances, the wise thing to do is boil the snares into hot water in order to remove any odors. Before utilizing a snare, make sure you wash your hands 1st.
Snaring is recommended because it offers some advantages, a few of these are (in comparison to classic foothold traps): easier to install and use, time to install is minimal, less maintenance, less chances of catching non-targeted animals.